Grateful Dead

Blair’s Golden Road Blog - The Keyboardist Question

By Blair Jackson

This could verge on the sacrilegious, but I’ve been thinking for some time that Jeff Chimenti may be the best all-around keyboardist to have played with the Grateful Dead or the post-GD bands. This guy can play anything: from raucous rock to convincing jazz to delicate melodic whispers. He is a magnificent pianist and a beast on the B-3. He’s assertive without being a hog. If he’s ever played a bad show, I’m not aware of it.

The first few years I saw him with RatDog, he didn’t really register on my radar much for some reason. I could tell he was a good player and all, but he wasn’t leaping out of the mix at me. All that changed in 2004, when he became the sole keyboardist in The Dead (rather than sharing the job with Rob Barraco as he did on their 2003 tour). All of a sudden I was hearing his parts in a new light and was able to understand the depth of his diverse talents. He always seemed to have the right tone and the right part and he fearlessly went out on the edge with Phil, Bob, Warren and company. That, in turn, made me appreciate his role in RatDog more, and I’ve been a Jeff believer ever since. He’s perfect for Furthur because he knows the material inside and out but also brings his own strong musical personality to the party.

“But wait a second, BJ. Better than Keith? Better than Brent?”

I don’t know, man. It’s so hard to compare players and eras. Maybe I’m just being provocative.

I have been asked many times through the years who my favorite Grateful Dead keyboardist was, and I usually answer “Keith Godchaux.” There was something about Keith’s playing that made it feel completely integral to the band’s sound—particularly from ’71 to ’74—in a way that no other GD keyboardist’s work did for me. Maybe it was the timbre of that grand piano and the way it slotted into the gestalt. There was an effortless quality to his playing, whether it was deep space or rollicking barrelhouse or rippin’ rock ’n’ roll that felt perfect to me for that band at that time.

The downside, if you can call it that, is that piano can start to feel monochromatic after a while, and Keith wasn’t adept at providing other keyboard textures. I liked some of his Fender Rhodes work, but it seemed to limit him texturally rather than expanding his palette. Interestingly, he was very good on multiple keyboards in the studio (see Mars Hotel), but couldn’t translate that diverse attack to the stage. His playing in the Dead after 1976 is less interesting, though he continued to thrive for a while in the more intimate chamber music setting the Jerry Garcia Band provided for him. Don’t let his bland onstage disposition fool you. He had serious chops.

The shift to Brent immediately brought bold new colors to the band’s sound (not to mention a fine harmony singer). Brent was the consummate B-3 player, one of the best I’ve heard. I was less taken with his piano tones, however. After Keith’s beefy grand, some of the rinky-tink piano sounds that came from Brent’s arsenal of electronic keyboards were lacking for me. His first year-plus in the band he played some cool synth parts on a few songs, but for some reason he then more or less dropped them.

I never felt that Brent fully embraced the Dead’s spacier side; perhaps it’s because he was not from the hippie world and didn’t have that acid head. Maybe he just didn’t dig it. But his playing got better and more adventurous as the years went along, and I loved his first forays into MIDI—the “fiddle” he’d lay down on a country number, the cool combinations of instruments he’d conjure to decorate a tune. From ’87 through the spring of ’90, he played his best.

Publicity shot of Brent taken
by the great Herb Greene in 1987.
© 2012

Vince had the thankless job of coming into the band so quickly following Brent’s death and being told he wasn’t going to play either a real piano or a B-3. Instead, he was stuck behind a solitary MIDI electronic keyboard loaded with sounds supplied to him by Bob Bralove, some of which were, in his first tours with the group, frankly cheesy. I am not a Vince detractor. On the contrary, I really liked the light, positive vibe he brought to the band, which was such a welcome contrast to Brent’s occasional dark surliness. But he had not been a soloist or much of an improviser in The Tubes or with Todd Rundgren, and the learning curve when he came into the Dead was steep—not just the parts, but the feel and the flow. He definitely had his struggles early on.

Bringing in Bruce Hornsby to share the keyboard duties with Vince was a bold move. Bruce was already a well-established star on his own and one of the strongest pianists working in rock at the time, so his dynamic and forceful musical personality instantly changed the way the Dead sounded—mostly for the better. I liked hearing acoustic piano again, and Jerry, especially, seemed buoyed by his presence. Vince went into the background more and now found himself looking for ways to stay out of the way of Bruce’s bright piano and to add broader flavors to what had become a very thick stew indeed. I do not mean it as any kind of put-down when I say that Bruce always seemed like Bruce to me when he was in the Grateful Dead—slightly apart from the others, never quite subsumed into the greater whole. After all, we knew from the start that he was—to use a term from the sports world—a “rental”; a temporary fix. That said, many of my favorite shows from the early ’90s are ones that featured both Bruce and Vince together. There’s a certain grandness and drama to that sound that I really loved, particularly from the summer of ’91.

After Bruce’s departure, Vince started to come into his own more. It helped that he finally acquired some better organ tones (though they never matched the richness of a real B-3), and he became more confident as time went on. As with Brent, I appreciated the cover tunes he sang with the band more than his original songs, but I always liked his upbeat presence. Unfortunately, his rise in the band coincided with Jerry’s gradual physical decline, so his tenure with the group will always be tainted by that sad truth. Ironically, after Jerry died and Vince formed Missing Man Formation, we got to see what a nifty player he really was.

No, I haven’t forgotten Pigpen and TC.

Pigpen was not a great keyboardist, but he certainly was an important part of the group’s early sound. I like that wheedle-y Vox that dances across their songs in ’66 and ’67, and you’ll find some solid B-3 work from him here and there later on. His contributions, even when they were rudimentary, were always tasteful. And listen closely to the Europe ’72 box and you might be surprised at how much and how well he played on what turned out to be his last tour. I think we can all agree, however, that his vocals and his personality were his greatest contributions to the group.

As for TC, well, he was obviously a highly accomplished player—a virtuoso—when he joined the band, but he was hampered by usually having to play a Vox organ onstage, with its limited range of sounds. I also sense a certain reluctance to break free in his playing, as if he never felt like he had the green light to really take off (in fact, he’s said as much). Still, the fact remains he was with the band for one of its greatest years—1969—and he was a key component in the sound of that group. Would he have been comfortable as the band increasingly turned toward country and more conventional rock ’n’ roll shadings after he left? We’ll never know. But I’ll always have that TC organ from some ’69 “Dark Star” floating through some part of my brain.

In the post Grateful Dead-era we’ve been treated to a wide range of keyboardists, all of whom I’ve enjoyed on one level or another.

OK, I thought Johnnie Johnson was wasted in RatDog for the most part. Yes, he was a legend, but that was not the best use of talents.

Of the handful of players that have occupied the keyboard chair in Phil & Friends through the years, my favorite was Steve Molitz, who played in the last steady incarnation of the group (with Larry Campbell and Jackie Greene). Steve was extremely versatile (like Jeff C.), had tons of energy, and also used synths so creatively. I also liked Rob Barraco’s work both in the Phil Lesh Quintet (with Warren Haynes and Jimmy Herring) and with The Dead. He had lots of good musical ideas, and as a veteran of Dead cover bands, he really understood the material. I also appreciated his always cheery demeanor onstage. I think he’s been underrated by fans.

Billy Payne of Little Feat probably logged the third most shows at keyboards with Phil & Friends. I’ve been a huge fan of his forever and count him among the best keyboardists rock ever produced. However, the couple of times I saw him and his LF bandmate Paul Barrere in the group we affectionately called “Phil & Feat,” I felt that the music wasn’t as free as it needed to be, that it was being reined in somewhat by these great players who were not used to the loose jamming that is such a part of the Grateful Dead (and Phil) tradition. (But I still love Little Feat!)

Then there were a couple of others who moved in and out of the keys slot in Phil’s band for relatively brief stints, including Phish’s Page McConnell and the David Nelson Band’s Mookie Siegel. Both good players, obviously. Neither was there long enough to make a strong impression. Forgive me if I’ve forgotten anyone!

So, that’s my take on keyboards. What do you think?


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Joined: Jun 11 2007
Welcome to Hell. Here's your accordion.

Bruce was cool, but I'll never forgive him for the squeezebox.

Brent for me.

Until Furthur. JC is amazing.

But I like Keith and TC and Pig.

Ah fuck it. I liked Jerry best.

Joined: Jan 13 2010
Keith freakin' Godchaux

71 through 74 is GREAT.
75-77 is strong.
78-79 is acceptable.

I will say that each keyboardist added their own personal touch.

Yo, don't forget Vince. Listen to Here Comes Sunshine from 8/21/93. very pleasant keyboards.

Joined: Jun 6 2007
Speaking of Rob Barraco...

... Jeff gave him some props in the interview I did with him for a few years ago.

In case anyone would like to see that interview (it's hard to find in the hideously organized archives of this site), here it is:

Joined: Jan 13 2012

Of course this is a highly subjective matter, but for me, Phil's Friends finally took off when Rob joined up. He has a way of keeping even the most spacy places relevant and on the move to somewhere. He is the engine that keeps the ship moving and focused, allowing everyone else to do their thing. LONG LIVE ROB!!!

leedesj's picture
Joined: Feb 2 2011

since people are mentioning keyboards in friend of the devil... i'd like to add that brent's "piano" solo in that song from richmond 83 is very beautiful

after a bombastic stranger opener during which many people were not able to get through the bottle neck at the gate and i believe some gates were actually bashed open by the frenzied mob...

the boys settled in to an exquisite FOTD with the above mentioned solo

loved that dayjob 2nd set opener too, nobody walked out for that

Joined: Nov 7 2010
The endless debate

Brent is my favorite, though I listen to more '70s Dead than any other era. He was a little sloppy toward the very end, but his playing during summer/fall of '89 is one of the reasons those tours are so heralded. Jerry's playing during those tours is great, but it's nothing compared to his earlier chops. Brent was finally stepping out a bit at this point and adding a graceful counterbalance to the other leads on the stage. And he could make a worn out first set blues number like Rooster come alive with his nasty organ chops (I'm thinking of the 7/7/89 show).

IMO, this band had quite the cosmic luck or providence or whatever to always have what seemed like the right guy in the hot seat for the time. I know some wouldn't agree with applying that sentiment to Vince (or even to Brent), but I would.

My appreciation for Keith's playing (particularly '72-4) has grown immensely over the years. Like Phil says, he played like a god during the Europe 72 tour. The right guy for that place and time, without doubt. It's just sad to hear his playing several years later. All I can hear when I listen to the 5/8/77 Scarlet/Fire is his annoying repetitive loops, like a video game soundtrack.

I do like Vince's harmonies, especially on Ship of Fools.

Meeko's picture
Joined: Jun 5 2007
Honorable mention...

Just listened to "Friend of the Devil" with Nicky Hopkins and Jerry...Nicky made that song sparkle! A rare talent on the piano.



leedesj's picture
Joined: Feb 2 2011
piano through a synth

i was under the impression that the stacatto artificial piano sound of brent that he used extensively was a baby grand piano being processed through some kind of electronics, a synthesizer, MIDI etc.

i like that sound because it is almost unique to brent, it was piano-esque but almost cartoon like, and its light whimsical qualities were more than balanced out by the weight of his B-3 explorations

also during the brent years the keyboard sound and bob's gtr could really confuse ya as to who was playing what

while brent was still with us i was prone to dismissing him as "no keith godchaux"

the minute he was gone i realized how much i loved his contributions

you really dont know what you got till it's gone sometimes

jonapi (not verified)
let it all go

i think you're probably right badger; maybe they HAD flown to close to the burning shore.
or maybe the wind just blew them in another direction (anthem to beauty?....).
i think by their very inner definition, the band simply had to mutate; stasis negating their entire reason for existence.
better to shine so brightly for less than we all wanted than repeat and go stale.

also, i think we mustn't concentrate too deeply on the actual timbre of Brent's keyboard sounds; don't forget, the band were trying to introduce, apply and explore the newest sounds and technology available. this will undoubtedly place a limitation and a date on the tones.
the advancements of synthesizers and midi, probably above any other instrument will always be rooted in the year/decade they were put on the market. let's face it, some of Jerry's midi applications, especially mimicking horn/brass sounds, sound terribly dated and weak sometimes.
but that's not the point; it's the exploration and the ideas and intent behind the notes that mattered.

clunkers and clams be damned!

Mike Edwards's picture
Joined: Jun 17 2007
Particle and Wave

Blair, this post reminds me of the interview that you and David Gans had with Garcia on April 28, 1981, which appears in Gans' Conversations with the Dead. In discussing the shift from Keith to Brent, Garcia notes that "the thing about having another percussion instrument in an all-percussion band was really too much of the same thing. The effect the piano had on the ensemble was something we could accomplish with guitars, so what we were really looking for was that sustain—you know, we were all hungry for color. Real hungry" (41).

I'm not a musician, so when I first read this quote years ago, it helped me to think about music differently. Garcia's quote showed me that music can be seen as having two distinct properties, percussive beats and sustained tones, much like light is said to have the physical properties of both a particle and a wave. Keyboardists are able to produce both percussion and sustain—one in each hand if they want to—so it would seem to follow that the ideal GD keyboard player would be adept at that sort of dualism. In my opinion, Brent was the GD player best suited to the post because he had nimble access to both modes, much like Jeff Chimenti these days takes us effortlessly between the two.


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