Grateful Dead

Greatest Stories Ever Told - "Friend Of The Devil"

By David Dodd

Here’s the plan—each week, I will blog about a different song, focusing, usually, on the lyrics, but also on some other aspects of the song, including its overall impact—a truly subjective thing. Therefore, the best part, I would hope, would not be anything in particular that I might have to say, but rather, the conversation that may happen via the comments over the course of time—and since all the posts will stay up, you can feel free to weigh in any time on any of the songs! With Grateful Dead lyrics, there’s always a new and different take on what they bring up for each listener, it seems. (I’ll consider requests for particular songs—just private message me!)

“Friend of the Devil”

Once in awhile, writing this blog, I check my list of songs I’ve written about so far, sure that I must have covered this or that particular song, only to be amazed that I haven’t. I mean: “Friend of the Devil”? Come on! It’s the definition of a story song. It might BE the Greatest Story they ever told.

I thought of it today because I recently had the wondrous opportunity to see Robert Hunter play a solo show here in the North Bay Area, and one of the songs he played was “Friend of the Devil.” Along with an amazing selection of other tunes, including rarities like “Doin’ That Rag,” and “Ruben and Cherise.”

There’s a lot of great background to be found in many places, detailing the evolution of the song. Suffice it to say that it was a collaborative effort, and that the title line was not part of the original lyric by Hunter, but was contributed by John Dawson of the New Riders of the Purple Sage. Hunter’s original chorus went: “I set out running but I take my time / It looks like water but it tastes like wine.”

Wow. For Dawson (aka Marmaduke) to have come up with that line—what an amazing inspiration! Here’s how Hunter described it in his online journal back in 2006:

"We all went down to the kitchen to have espresso made in Dawson's new machine. We got to talking about the tune and John said the verses were nifty except for "it looks like water but it tastes like wine" which I had to admit fell flat. Suddenly Dawson's eyes lit up and he crowed "How about "a friend of the devil is a friend of mine." Bingo, not only the right line but a memorable title as well! We ran back upstairs to Nelson's room and recorded the tune.”

So—the line that gives the song its soul, as it were, came from seemingly nowhere (although my vote is for the espresso as a catalyst). Sure, the song describes, in the words of the first-person narrator, an outlaw who is on the run, but the “friend of the devil” idea—that seems big, and truly expands the level of outlawry implied by the overall story.

The other great part of the origin story for the song is that Garcia turned one of Hunter’s verses, originally sung as a verse, into one of the most beautiful bridges in a repertoire full of beautiful bridges. “Got two reasons why I cry away each lonely night…”

Here’s a picture of Hunter’s original handwritten lyrics:

Hunter said once, in an interview, that if he and Garcia had written a song that might become a standard, it was probably “Friend of the Devil.” And I’ve heard it done by enough different bands in every kind of setting, that I have to agree. No other Dead tune gets played quite so often.

The character in the song is on the run—a theme that comes up again and again in Grateful Dead songs from “Sugaree” to “Bertha” to “Jack Straw.” And, as in some other tunes (“Loser,” “Candyman”) the historical setting is some vague place in America’s past. I have speculated that, since he lit out from Reno and then spent the night in “Utah,” it could be that the song was set during the period when Reno was in the Utah Territory. Here’s a map that shows the boundaries of the Territory, with modern-day state boundaries:

So, if the narrator set out running from Reno and then spent the night in Utah Territory (of which Reno was a part), it had to have happened between 1850 and 1896. Other place names in the song provide enticing clues, but I really doubt that Hunter was sitting there with an historical atlas, making sure that future scholars would note no discrepancies. He was giving a sense of the Wild West, with outlaws and jail time and wives in different towns. And that’s what we get.

Hunter, in his performances, has always included a verse not on offer from the Garcia performances:

You can borrow from the devil, you can borrow from a friend
But the devil will give you twenty, when your friend got only ten

It’s a great couplet, and I like to think of it, lately, in terms of mortgage lenders who loaned more than people could afford to pay. Something very satisfying in thinking of the large lenders as satanic.

When the band started slowing up the tempo of the song in a big way in the late 1970s, it took on an entirely new character. And indeed, the song does well at almost any tempo. It can be a blazing bluegrass number, a gentle folksong, or a ponderous and majestic piece, as it was in later years. (If you still have a turntable, you should play “Friend of the Devil” from Dead Set at 45 rpm. Garcia sounds like Dolly Parton!)

Quite a few artists have covered “Friend of the Devil.” I think my favorite is Lyle Lovett on the Deadicated album—he gets something just right about the song. And Tom Petty’s Live Anthology version is great—I especially like the change in the paternity question line from “it don’t look like me” to “she don’t look like me.” Always nice to have a baby referred to as “he” or “she” rather than “it,” even if the use of “it” is consistent with the character of the narrator.

It’s a story song for the ages. One for the campfires and the hoedowns and the tributes and the masses.

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Joined: Jun 26 2013
CHEERS TO DAVID

David: I wish you a Refreshing Beginning to 2015
and look forward to hearing your insightful and inspirational
accounts of the songs of the grateful Dead !

May Your Cup Be Full Again and Again with

((((((electric eggnog))))))

slo lettuce's picture
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Joined: Jul 20 2012
here's hoping DD is well too...

maybe he's on that long awaited balloon trip around the equator after having a massive psychedelic holiday epiphany.

((((((electric eggnog))))))

That'd be a great story to tell.

unkle sam's picture
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Joined: Oct 3 2008
the devil has lots of friends

really? the devil has no friends? Open your eyes, there are sooo many of humankind that are helping destroy this world in so many ways, yet they are not friends of the devil? Sure, when they get to hell, old nick will say "sorry, didn't you read the fine print?" But they are his best friends, the greedy, ignorant, selfish ones who think of only themselves and what's in it for them.

Strider 88's picture
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Joined: Jun 20 2007
? Come back Dave

Since no one has asked on this site, I hope David Dodd is in good health and doing good.(I have 0 idea as to his absence) His contribution for many of us is huge. Many thanks to David and others who have made Dead.net a reality.

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Joined: Jun 26 2013
Like Hell

This Song strikes me as one meant to be sung in the Most Lonesome of Places.

Far Far Away from ever being "Home before Daylight"
Far Far Away from Anyone to call a "Friend"

Don't be Deceived
The Devil has no Friends

TheDoctor's picture
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Joined: Jan 14 2008
Another obscure version of FOTD

If y'all haven't heard them, there are DVD-Audio versions of American Beauty and Workingman's Dead. 5.1 mixes and they are different than the beloved original, lots of interesting variations of our favorites! I know I bought these many years ago but they are still available and if you have a good surround system both discs will blow you away and make you feel like you're listening to them for the first time. Mickey's Supralingua is also on DVD-Audio if you're interested and it, too, sounds great in 5.1!

Have a great New Year everyone. Let's be KIND to one another next year...

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Joined: Dec 23 2014
Marmaduke

Marmaduke told me that he wrote the music to the "set out running but, I take my time..."part; which I guess could be considered the chorus.

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Joined: Dec 23 2014
Marmaduke

Marmaduke told me that he wrote the music to the "set out running but, I take my time..."part; which I guess could be considered the chorus.

One Man's picture
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Joined: May 17 2011
One Song

If I had to pick one GD song, I guess it would be this one. It is just perfect in every way. A modern classic that will be played forever. The studio version is probably my fave. After that, some of the live acoustic ones from 1970. The two guitar parts are wondrous together. But I also can get into the slow post-hiatus versions if I'm in the mood. I wish they had thrown in a few fast ones in the later years, just to mix it up. Can you imagine one in the style of the Reckoning album? I can. And when I hear someone singing about "the devil" I don't think they really mean evil incarnate. It's just a figure of speech that adds a certain edge. Beck, Van Halen, Charlie Daniels, Little Richard, endless metal bands, etc. all have songs "about" the devil. None scares me (except maybe the Louvin Brothers because they meant it in a fundy Christian way). There has to be some darkness to define the light. Steer toward the light and it will be all right.

mustin321's picture
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Joined: Aug 12 2011
Fast vs. Slow

I thinks its funny that a lot of people don't like the slow version...to each their own. I think at this point, I prefer the slower versions. More space for everyone in the band to do beautiful things. If anyone is on the fence about the slow versions, the version from The Closing of Winterland is by far the Holy Grail to me. When Jerry starts on his solo, its like the whole universe is exploding...but I'm sure y'all have seen it a hundred times.

I've still never heard the Kenny Loggins version of it...hopefully I will someday.

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