Grateful Dead

Greatest Stories Ever Told - "Stella Blue"

By David Dodd

Here’s the plan—each week, I will blog about a different song, focusing, usually, on the lyrics, but also on some other aspects of the song, including its overall impact—a truly subjective thing. Therefore, the best part, I would hope, would not be anything in particular that I might have to say, but rather, the conversation that may happen via the comments over the course of time—and since all the posts will stay up, you can feel free to weigh in any time on any of the songs! With Grateful Dead lyrics, there’s always a new and different take on what they bring up for each listener, it seems. (I’ll consider requests for particular songs—just private message me!)

“Stella Blue”

This song represents the best reason I have to be grateful to my parents for getting me started with all those years of piano lessons. Well, maybe Beethoven and Chopin, too, but definitely “Stella Blue.” It’s a song I can lose myself in, whether listening to it or playing it myself. It delivers new layers of meaning as the years combine, and depending on the situation—true of many Grateful Dead songs, but particularly true of “Stella Blue.”

This Robert Hunter / Jerry Garcia song seems to me to constitute the apex of their joint songwriting partnership. If it were possible for me to choose one song about which I could have a focused conversation with Robert Hunter, this would be the one, without a doubt. I can think of many questions I’d like to ask him, but as always, I would fear that asking the questions and getting the answers would not be such a great idea.

For instance, there’s that perennial question, “Who (or what) is Stella Blue?” What if Hunter’s answer was “I just liked the way the words sounded together.” And that doesn’t seem entirely unlikely. As long as I don’t ask, I can be free to speculate, as we all have, listening to the song. Maybe it’s just a variant on the words “dark star,” only “blue star.” That would neatly link “Dark Star” to “Standing on the Moon,” with its three blue stars. Or maybe it’s a blue guitar, with the Stella trademark—see picture. Or a blues guitar. Maybe it’s code for a real person, known only to insiders—that does seem to happen sometimes.

One of my favorite interactions ever at a public library reference desk was when I was taking a request from a woman one day, who gave her name as Sloopy something or other. “Sloopy? Like the song?” (I may have even hummed a bar....) “Yes,” she told me. “I am Sloopy from the song. He wrote that song about me.” And I really think she was telling the truth.

So maybe someday I will have a patron standing in front of me named Stella, and I’ll say, “Stella? Like the song?” and the same thing will happen. “Yes,” she will say. “I am Stella from the song. He wrote that song about me.”

The Annotated Lyrics book goes on for quite some time about all the various associations with “Stella Blue” as a name, even pinpointing an actual fictional character by that name from a Vladimir Nabokov novel, Pale Fire.

Other questions for Mr. Hunter: tell me about the character in the song—is he the broken angel? Or is that his muse? Was he a once-successful musician, or “just” a dreamer? Did he spend his life dreaming about what might be?

I’d also like ask Hunter what he meant by “blue light cheap hotel,” exactly. I mean, I get it—I think we all do. And it’s kind of a picky thing, but I’ve never been able to find any real definition that satisfies me in terms of Hunter using the words “blue light” in relation to a cheap hotel. I have always associated this line with the famous hotel in New York City, the Chelsea, where Hunter wrote the song, according to his own note in Box of Rain.

“Stella Blue” was first performed on June 17, 1972, at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles. That show was also Pigpen’s final show with the band. They played it five shows in a row, and in the fifth show, it moved into a second set position, where it mostly remained thereafter. Its final performance was on July 6, 1995, at Riverport Amphitheatre, in Maryland Heights, Missouri. They played it in concert 328 times.

The song was released on Wake of the Flood in October 1973.

As seems to be always the case in Hunter’s songs, this one is character-driven, with the narrator portrayed as someone who is down and out, and who may have been so for quite some time. But there is somewhere in his past where he was, it seems, a guitarist, and the absolutely gorgeous bridge encourages this broken angel to “dust off those rusty strings just one more time,” and make them shine. The narration is ambiguous—it seems to me that the singer is encouraging himself to dust off the strings, after saying that he has stayed in all those cheap hotels. Is there a story line that accommodates two narrators? It seems to me there might be, but it is just out of reach. Again, fodder for that imagined interview with Hunter.

In performance, “Stella Blue” could take on a number of moods, or, more likely, fit easily into a number of moods I might be bringing to the show as a listener. It could be wistful, mysterious, even angry once Garcia got to the solo. It demanded a certain degree of quiet from the audience, and, mostly, we gave that to the band. I do remember one particularly obnoxious Deadhead loudly singing “Where’s the glue?” just before the first, tender, “Stella Blue,” at the Henry Kaiser Auditorium It must be captured on an audience tape somewhere, but, I mean, really?

For years, I thought how wonderful it would be to have this song performed by Willie Nelson. Somehow, his voice and guitar seemed perfect for the song. And then, it actually happened! As is often the case with dreams vs. reality, though, I didn’t think the recording lived up to Willie’s potential. Still, a nice thing to have.

It occurs to me to wonder, is Stella a name many Deadheads have used for their own daughters? It’s a beautiful name—certainly right up there with Cassidy.


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Joined: Nov 1 2010
It's about life

Or, so it seemed to me. I always loved hearing this song but I'm not a particularly fussy Head. I loved almost all of their songs, a few a little more and a couple got a little tedious after a lot of repetition. I always interpreted Stella Blue as being a parable about life, paying dues and keepin' on Truckin' because we will survive.

Charbroiled's picture
Joined: Jun 19 2007
Stella - A Broken Angel

I always thought Stella Blue was the story of a prostitute, there's just the pavement left and broken dreams.

Stayed at the Hotel Stella in Paris 90 - played Stella Blue first night; How do these things happen, also we had a piano in our room. The circle keeps getting smaller.

Strider 88's picture
Joined: Jun 20 2007
Stella Kowalski

Kim Hunter played Stella Kowalski in the 1951 film "A Streetcar Named Desire". Marlon Brando screams one of his most famous lines; "Stella !". Then underground cartoonist S.Clay Wilson creates Star Eyed Stella in Zap Comics. The album Wake of the Flood is a flawed but beautiful touchstone of 40 years ago. Garcia's unique sound and tone with pedal steel guitar on the studio version of Stella Blue cuts to the soul as a bright comet in a brilliant desert night sky. Again the Rick Griffin art work on the cover of Wake of the Flood sets the mood of the album, blues and greens and Pacific winter air.

JoeYoder's picture
Joined: Sep 20 2013

Stella Blue came into my life at the same time my wife's (dating at the time now 28 years married) mother, Stella Green passed away. Deep love! Thanks to Robert, Jerry and David Dodd for the love.

Anna rRxia's picture
Joined: Dec 25 2009

Was the name of our tour vehicle in 81 that left me somewhere by the side of the highway between Hampton Roads and Washington DC. No problemo back then, there was always another deadhead goin' down the road. But the name seemed to fit the car and the song brought all the meaning.

I can't say it was a favorite. More often than not after dancing and twirling the whole show you had to stand there quiet and sweating. But it was a haunting tune that got stuck in your head.

It's still in there.

Joined: Nov 14 2013
Garcia interview

I remember reading or seeing an interview with Garcia where he talked about this song. I recall he said he was so proud of the chord progression... how it really had a beautiful hook.

I agree.

As for the meaning of the song... interesting to ponder... sometimes interesting to discuss.

Joined: May 9 2012
daughter names

one of my daughters names is Shannon. Shenandoah, Jack Straw. My friend named her daughter Stella. My daughter was born 12/16/94. Dead played with Branford. Cold Rain, So Many Roads, Childhoods End,Eternity,Eyes,LSD encore. among other songs played that night

Joined: May 9 2012
still blue

This song has brought tears to my eyes, goose bumps. I love 89 miami with Bob's wounded mammoth, and Brent's "shine...shine". It speaks to me of partying all day long, and in the end still blue...It seems like all this life was just a dream "bend the "b" up a whole step". (guitar). The lyrics, and Jerry's voice...One of the best songs ever in my opinion. I think Eyes of the World, and Stella Blue use the same E chord. While both employ E major. The major/minor pull and tug. I have written a few songs.Stella Blue is world class. I just played/sang this song to my wife...For the life of me I can't play it as slow..BEAUTIFUL SONG

mustin321's picture
Joined: Aug 12 2011
This song is about

Jerry Garcia's stage fright...he was an extremely modest person and he just couldn't ever shake it, Sugarees. Any questions? Better ask Mrs. Blue.


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