Grateful Dead

Greatest Stories Ever Told - "The Stranger"

By David Dodd

Here’s the plan—each week, I will blog about a different song, focusing, usually, on the lyrics, but also on some other aspects of the song, including its overall impact—a truly subjective thing. Therefore, the best part, I would hope, would not be anything in particular that I might have to say, but rather, the conversation that may happen via the comments over the course of time—and since all the posts will stay up, you can feel free to weigh in any time on any of the songs! With Grateful Dead lyrics, there’s always a new and different take on what they bring up for each listener, it seems. (I’ll consider requests for particular songs—just private message me!)

“The Stranger”

Pigpen’s composition, “The Stranger (Two Souls in Communion)” was shrouded in obscurity for years. Back in 1997, I had a very fun circular exchange about the authorship of the song: Alex Allan wrote to me asking if I had any firm info on whether Pigpen wrote the song; I wrote to David Gans, who said he didn’t know, and suggested I ask Alan Trist; Alan Trist wrote back saying he wasn’t sure, and would look into it; David Gans wrote me a few days later to say that he had had a phone call from Dennis McNally asking about the song’s authorship, because Alan Trist had been asking about it! At that point, David suggested that Dennis ask Phil.

Eventually, the question was resolved. Ron McKernan is now officially named as the composer and lyricist of the song, which the Dead broke out on March 21, 1972, at the Academy of Music in New York City. They took it to Europe and it was played a total of 12 times, with the final performance taking place on May 26, 1972 at the Strand Lyceum in London. (This was the next-to-last song ever sung by Pigpen in concert with the band. He appeared in one more show, back in the USA at the Hollywood Bowl, but did not sing.)

I love Pigpen’s singing on the song, captured in a number of live releases, but never laid down, as far as I know, in a studio setting.

(This makes it part of that whole 1972-era set of songs that never received studio treatment. Sources indicate that Pigpen did quite a bit of work on a solo album, but it was never released. Apparently excerpts from this album circulate, although I haven’t heard them. I wonder if “The Stranger” was one of those songs?)

He captures in words, and conveys musically, the longing for love we all feel. In the case of the song’s narrator, it’s from the perspective of a single person, not in a love relationship, wondering what the secret is that brings two people together, and why he is on the outside looking in.

“What are they seeing, when they look in each other’s eyes?”

And later: “You who have found it, please help me along.”

I’m sure many of us have been in this position—wondering if capital “L” Love is even a real thing? As he asks in the song: “What are they feeling, when they see each other smile? Is it love, I don’t know—or an emotion that I’ve outgrown?” Even if we’ve experienced it, love can seem to be a chimera once it’s gone, and it’s easy to begin to doubt that it is even real. There’s a wonderful line in the John Prine song “The Sins of Memphisto,” with the line: “Sittin’ on the front porch, drinkin’ Orange Crush, wonderin’ if it’s possible for me to still blush.” I think that gets at the same thing. In the absence of love, even if we’ve felt it before, it seems just plain unreal, or impossible.

And hearing Pigpen sing this, whether or not it is a first-person reality for Pigpen in real life, serves a function of creating empathy for those who are in that position—something we would all do well to keep in mind.

I think this is an important function in the work of the Dead generally—engendering empathy for people in difficult, desperate, or dire positions. Outlaws and desperados, hypochondriacs, bereaved spouses, all take their place in our subconscious as the words permeate through the songs. Really, it doesn’t have to be conscious at all.

One recurring theme in the comments on these posts has been that people never really thought the words were necessary to consider in order to love the songs, and that’s true, sure.

But don’t you think they seep in, on their own, and lodge somewhere in there, in our deeper selves? So that when we see a down and out guy on the street, we can think of “Wharf Rat” or “Mission in the Rain,” and perhaps have a little different perspective? And maybe, when we are crazy newly in love and out in public, it might be worth considering the feelings of those who have no such joy in their lives right now, and maybe just tone it down a notch in public? I think maybe so. Suffering comes in many forms, and each of us can do some part, through empathy, to relieve that suffering.

Given the larger perspective of this “love song”—that is, a song more about Love, generally, than many love songs which might be about a particular relationship situation, it’s not surprising, really, that Pigpen has elevated the rhetoric to include invoking the divine. “Conceived of Great Spirit,” “Two souls in communion,” and “The tie that binds…” all carry non-secular weight, and this religious language makes me wonder if Pigpen was considering his own mortality when he wrote the song.

“Blest Be the Tie That Binds,” a 19th Century hymn with 18th Century words by John Fawcett, opens with this verse:

Blest be the tie that binds
Our hearts in Christian love;
The fellowship of kindred minds
Is like to that above.

And it concludes:

From sorrow, toil and pain,
And sin, we shall be free,
And perfect love and friendship reign
Through all eternity.

Pigpen, the frontman known for his bawdy encouragement of his audiences to turn on their love light and hook up with the person next to them, shows us a completely different side with “The Stranger.” Love, with a capital “L.”

It’s a song for eternity, indeed.


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jbxpro's picture
Joined: Dec 4 2012
Two Souls In Communion

Boy, would I have loved to hear that Pigpen solo record, with Two Souls In Communion, Chinatown Shuffle, probably a large helping of obscure guitar/harmonica blues, and well known songs like Mr. Charlie and perhaps a less-poppy Operator.

Two Souls (I'll always call it that) hit me like a wrecking ball when I first heard it on bootlegs in the early 70s. I remember friends saying to each other, "Have you heard that Pigpen song?" almost in hushed whispers, it was so obviously a precious diamond. At the time we were sure Hunter wrote the lyrics, because how could a rough and tough bad boy like Pigpen write those lines?

The four verses just climb and climb in their intensity, the grief they reveal, and the worldly intelligence hidden in them. He wants to fly "one more time." So apparently he used to be a "king" but now is a "beggar," trying to remember what you see when you're deeply in love and you look in the other person's eyes, trying to remember what the secret or special magic is that he's forgotten or perhaps has been taken away tragically.

And again, "home." Pigpen starts to sing the chorus but then it's taken over by Jerry and Bobby singing about flying up (to heaven?) and flying home. Are they equating love and home? Is this really a song about death and the end of things, and looking back on it as you fly off to home? Is the backing vocals in the chorus the angels of death/heaven beckoning the narrator away from the sensual world?

And another thing :) ... I've always loved the "not for beggars but kings" line because it reminds me of the old saying, "A cat can look at a king can't he?" I have an early memory of an illustration of this in a book of Mother Goose rhymes, and looking at the cat in the illustration and wondering what he's thinking when he looks at the king.

Underthevolcano's picture
Joined: Feb 6 2008

Yeah, I think Jerry said at one time that Pig was a quiet, almost painfully shy person in his personal life-not the raucous frontman we usually hear and think about. There were similar thoughts expressed about Hendrix in the "American Masters" program also.

Anna rRxia's picture
Joined: Dec 25 2009
Pig's opus with the Dead

Never believed this song could have come from him... Seems like it's pouring out of his heart. I was so blown away the first time I heard this, didn't seem real. A shame we didn't get more renditions of this.

Though Pig was a raunchy blues singer it all seemed to be a facade when this came pouring out -- a thoroughly intense confession from the soul.


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